Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Optical Character Recognition Is Becoming Popular Areas Of...

Project Title:OPTICAL CHARACTER RECOGNITION USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS Abstract: The Optical Character Recognition (OCR) is becoming popular areas of research under pattern recognition and smart device applications. It requires the intelligence like human brain to recognize the various handwritten characters. Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is used together the information required to recognize the characters adaptively. This paper presents a performance analysis of character recognition by Scale Invariant Feature (SIF) matrix with a Back Propagation Neural network (BPN). A GUI based OCR system is developed using Mat lab. The results are shown for the English alphabets and numeric. This is observed that the perceptron network converges faster, whereas the BPN can handle the complex script recognition when the training set is enriched. Keywords: Character recognition, back-propagation neural network, scale invariant feature Introduction: Automatic character recognition is a well-accepted area of research under pattern recognition. In handwritten character recognition, characters are written by different individuals that vary drastically from person to person due to variation in the writing style, its size and orientation of characters. This makes the system difficult to recognize the characters. Artificial Neural Network (ANN) helps to solve the problem of identifying handwritten characters in an automated manner. ANN is an adaptiveShow MoreRelatedManagment Information System25973 Words   |  104 Pagesof Hardware resources includes all physical devices and materials used in information processing. Specially, it includes not only machines, such as computers and other equipment, but also all data media, that is, all tangible objects on which data is recorded, from sheets of paper to magnetic disks. 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The delivery channels include direct dial – up connections, private networks, public networks etc and the devices include telephone, Personal Computers including the Automated Teller Machines, etc. With the popularity of PCs, easy access to Internet and World Wide Web (WWW), Internet is increasingly used by banks as a channel for receiving instructions and deliveringRead MoreManaging Information Technology (7th Edition)239873 Words   |  960 PagesComputers Supercomputers 33 34 Key Types of Software 34 Applications Software 36 An Example of an Application Product Personal Productivity Software Support Software 37 38 41 The Operating System Language Translators 41 43 v vi Contents Third Generation Languages 43 Fourth Generation Languages Markup Languages 46 48 Object-Oriented Programming 49 Languages for Developing Web Applications Database Management Systems CASE Tools 51 52 54 Read MoreBrand Building Blocks96400 Words   |  386 PagesThey can be caused by arrogance but are more often caused by complacency coupled with pride and/or greed. The final reason is the pressure for short-term results that pervades organizations. The irony is that internal forces and biases, which are under the control of the organization, cause many of the formidable problems facing brand builders today. 1. Pressure To Compete On Price There are enormous pressures on nearly all firms to engage in price competition. In all industries from computersRead MoreContemporary Issues in Management Accounting211377 Words   |  846 Pages Contemporary Issues in Management Accounting Edited by ALNOOR BHIMANI 1 Great Clarendon Street, Oxford ox2 6dp Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide in Oxford New York Auckland Cape Town Dar es Salaam Hong Kong Karachi Kuala Lumpur Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Nairobi New Delhi Shanghai Taipei Toronto With oYces in Argentina Austria Brazil ChileRead MoreRetail Management30153 Words   |  121 PagesThese stores are seen in local community often are family-run businesses. The square feet area of the store depends on the store holder. * Specialty Stores: A typical specialty store gives attention to a particular category and provides high level of service to the customers. A pet store that specializes in selling dog food would be regarded as a specialty store. However, branded stores also come under this format. For example if a customer visits a Reebok or Gap store then they find just ReebokRead MoreCrossing the Chasm76808 Words   |  308 Pages CROSSING THE CHASM. Copyright  © 1991 by Geoffrey A. Moore. All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. By payment of the required fees, you have been granted the non-exclusive, non-transferable right to access and read the text of this e-book on-screen. No part of this text may be reproduced, transmitted, downloaded, decompiled, reverse engineered, or stored in or introduced into any information storage and retrieval system, in any form or by any means,Read MoreTeaching Notes Robert Grant - Strategy 4th Edition51665 Words   |  207 Pagesdepth of information that 3 INTRODUCTION students are supplied with and one of the questions frequently posed by students is: â€Å"Should we do additional research on the company?† Our answer to this question is a resolute â€Å"No.† This will not be time well spent. Management students need to get used to fast cycle analysis and decision making under conditions of imperfect information. The teaching notes we offer are the outcome of our own thinking about the cases and our own classroom experiences. TheyRead MoreHbr When Your Core Business Is Dying74686 Words   |  299 Pagesshould look for in their subordinates – behaviors that drive individual as well as corporate performance and growth – and what those subordinates should expect in return. 58 66 Finding Your Next Core Business Chris Zook It may be hidden right under your nose. Here’s how to evaluate your current core and where to look for a new one. 78 Promise-Based Management: The Essence of Execution Donald N. Sull and Charles Spinosa The most vexing leadership challenges stem from broken or poorly craftedRead MoreProject Mgmt296381 Words   |  1186 Pages4.4 Project offices Chapter 4 9.2 Building the team (.1.3) [3.5.3] [App G.2 Building teams] 9.4 Managing the team 9.3.2 Team building activities 9.2.4 Virtual teams Team performance [] Conflict management Recognition and awards Defining the Project 4.1 Project charter 5.1 Gather requirements 5.2 Defining scope 5.3 Creating a WBS 5.4 Tools and techniques 6.1 Define activities 9.1.2. Responsibility matrixes 10.1 Communication planning (.2.3.4) [App. G-4]

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on A Christians Worldview - 1822 Words

| | | | |Robin Jackson | |9/12/2011 | APOLOGETICS 104 Introduction This worldview paper will show views on different aspects of worldviews. I will define a worldview? Articulate the biblical/Christian Worldview (what is believed). How†¦show more content†¦Isaiah 33:22 New King James Version (NKJV) No one can judge us but God, for he is our lawgiver and our King and God will save us.IF THIS IS A QUOTE, IT MUST BE IN QUOTATION MARKS. God has all the power to do all the things in life. We live by a higher power. Proverbs 3:6-7 New King James Version (NKJV) acknowledge God in all that you do and he will guide you and the paths that you take in life. Do not be wise in your own eyes is saying let him lead you and not follow the wrong path. 5. The Question of Destiny Is there life after death? What will happen to me when I die? Matthew 12:36-37 New King James Version (NKJV) we must account for all of our sins. We will be judge SPELLING as to where we go after death. By the words you speak at judgment will determine if you will be justified or condemned. Philippians 1:21 New King James Version (NKJV) for to me, to live is Christ, and to die is gain. I’d rather die than to live in a world of sin. Death is living in paradise. We all must die and you can choose your own path of destiny by the way you live. 591 III. III. How might /should a biblical worldview influence the way you Think about, treat, and speak to others on a daily basis? A biblical worldview would have me thinking that a person wants to be treated nicely and spoke to with kind words, no negativity is what God had intended for us and me, myself GRAMMAR ERROR treat people and speak to people the way I want to be treated and spoke SPELLING to. If youShow MoreRelatedChristian Worldview Essay Paper1121 Words   |  5 PagesChristian Worldview Paper – Second Draft Christine Reiter CWV 101 – Christian World View 11/25/2012 Dr. Jim Uhley My Worldview My worldview is formed by my relationships, challenges and choices I have made, environmental surroundings and my family influence, all which have impressed on me my views of the world. According to Merriam-Webster’s Learners Dictionary, the definition of â€Å"Worldview† is â€Å"The way someone thinks about the world†. Although this simple phrase seems to the point, itRead MoreWorldview : A Christian Worldview1578 Words   |  7 Pagesdiscussed the different worldviews that an individual may have. This class has taught me that a worldview is how an individual understands the world and their place in it. â€Å"A worldview consist of what a person believes to be real and true, what a person values, how a person makes decisions, and what forms a person’s desires, longings, and goals† (Fuller, Lecture One). An individual’s worldview is the motivating force behind their every emotion, decision, and action. A worldview is what helps an individualRead MoreThe Worldview Of The Christian Worldview955 Words   |  4 Pagesword worldview means how an individual view the world around them. A worldview is a complete system of how we perceive the world and process it. According to Waddell (2014), â€Å"a worldview is a foundational set of assumptions to which one commits that serves as a framework for understanding and interpreting reality and deeply shapes one’s behavior.† The worldview of an individual is usually influenced by the person’s cultural background, life experiences, and upbringing. The Christian worldview is underRead MoreChristian Worldview : A Worldview864 Words   |  4 Pages â€Å"What is a worldview? A worldview comprises one s collection of presuppositions, convictions and values from which a person tries to understand and make sense out of the world and life. A worldview is a conceptual scheme by which we consciously or unconsciously place or fit everything we believe and by which we interpret and judge reality. A worldview is, first of all, an explanation and interpretation of the world and second, an application of this view to life.† (Dr. John MacArthur, May 2006)Read MoreThe Christian Worldview1217 Words   |  5 PagesThe Christian Worldview is very widely known in today’s society. This religion has many strong beliefs about the creation of the world and what waits for believers in the afterlife. Psalms 111:10 gives a good idea of the foundation of the Christian worldview by saying. â€Å"The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom; all who follow his precepts have good understanding. To him belongs eternal praise.† (Ne w International Version). The Christian worldview has very specific beliefs and expectationsRead MoreThe Christian Worldview1359 Words   |  6 Pagescomplex and chaotic world, possessing a worldview that is practical can be essential to well-being and satisfaction. Without a cohesive framework with which to process the world around us, life can become discouraging and meaningless. Among a plethora of worldviews, Christianity is distinctive and singularly addresses many questions that come to the forefront concerning our existence and the universe. Unfortunately, many â€Å"who see themselves to be Christian really don’t understand even the basicsRead MoreThe Christian Worldview1920 Words   |  8 PagesThere are many components that make up a worldview. The stance a person takes on topics such as God, humanity, Jesus, and restoration can all make up their belief system. These beliefs can effect a person’s actions, thoughts, and how they chose to live their life. Th e Christian worldview is based on there being only one God, a God-centered purpose for humanity, the actions and work of Jesus Christ, and the journey to salvation. Taking the same position on these topics will lead to a life being livedRead MoreNon Profit Analysis Essay7109 Words   |  29 PagesAnalysis Project Liberty University Penny LeBaron Busi 602 Carlson Hurst Part 1: Christian World View According to Del Tackett’s article on the Focus on the Family website, a person with a Biblical world view â€Å"believes his primary reason for existence is to love and serve God† (Tackett, 2012). Barna Research Group asks the following questions to determine if a person has a Biblical worldview: â€Å"Do absolute moral truths exist? Is absolute truth defined by the Bible? Did Jesus Christ liveRead MoreBiblical Worldview And The Christian Worldview1295 Words   |  6 PagesBiblical Worldview in Romans It is an important factor in a Christian’s life to have a biblical worldview that coincides with God’s beliefs. A Christian cannot grow in their relationship with God with just their own understanding and knowledge. They must surround their framework of beliefs and ideas on God’s word and what he calls his children to live their life accordingly. That is why Paul’s letter to the Roman church is such as significant demonstration of the Gospel and the Christian Worldview andRead MoreChristian Worldview1594 Words   |  7 Pages Let us ponder about how other religions worldviews relate to the Biblical worldview. There are three main areas or types of worldviews, Pantheists (Hinduism, Buddhism), Secularism (naturalism), and Theism (Christianity, Islam, Judaism). I will answer 5 basic questions on just one of the non-Christian worldviews and then compare it to the Biblical worldview. Part one will be about Buddhism and part two will compare Buddhism and the Biblical worldview. The questions to be answered are: 1.

Apple iPhone Disruptive Innovation And Current Market Share

Question: Apple introduction of the iPhone was disruption innovation. Explain what is meant by this. Answer: Disruptive Innovation refers to the innovation that brings a revolution in the market and creates a new value in the market, eventually leading to a state of disruption with its entry. Apple iPhone is an apt example of one such innovation as it was a revolutionary device that brought a change in the rules of the mobile devices market. Features such as liquid crystal display, scratch resistant touch screen enabled with gorilla glass, absence of a physical keypad and iconic device changed the entire market of mobile phones. Also, with the introduction of backside illuminated image sensors, improved image quality and combination of multi touch technology with wireless connectivity in the cameras installed in the mobile devices was also a new concept in the market (University of Ljubljana Faculty of Economics, 2016). Apple has left no stone unturned to maintain the market share of its iPhone and the same is supported by more than 1,298 mobile-related patents that have been filed by Apple. Right from the fuel systems to power a portable device to excellent content display, swipe feature to unlock, efficient call management, word recommendations, asynchronous data synchronization and graphical user interface along with multi-touch technology are the notable patents that are recorded by Apple and the same highlight the efforts that the company has put in to maintain the success and element of innovation in iPhone (Thomson Reuters, 2016). The market share captured by Apples iPhone is declining with each passing day. There has been an increase in the sales of mobile devices with platform as other operating systems such as Android in US, Europe, China and other parts of the world. iPhone SE was launched in first quarter of 2016 with a view to provide a low cost iPhone to the users (Brien, 2016). With a smaller screen as compared to iPhone 6S, iPhone SE comes with a complete package in terms of performance, design and value for money. The model has surely led the path for Apple to regain its market share that was reduced in the past few years (, 2016). References (2016). Forbes Welcome. [online] Available at: [Accessed 19 Jul. 2016]. Brien, C. (2016). Android is eating Apples iOS market shareeverywhere. [online] VentureBeat. [Accessed 19 Jul. 2016]. Thomson Reuters, (2016). INSIDE THE iPHONE PATENT PORTFOLIO. [online] [Accessed 19 Jul. 2016]. University of Ljubljana Faculty of Economics, (2016). The Classification of Innovations: The Case of Apple Inc.. [online] [Accessed 19 Jul. 2016].

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Medicine As A Business Essay Example

Medicine As A Business Paper Hospitals and health care facilities were originally established as volunteer schemes to help those that were in need of medical attention. They were therefore government organizations where by most facilities were provided for by the government. This system of government had its own challenges where the health care officials were offering poor quality services. There was minimum supervision from the government and the workers were less motivated due various factors (Haux, 2004). The medical sector has gone through various changes where it is now being managed as any other business organization. Such system of management ensures that the patients receive quality health care facilities to guarantee them a quicker recovery. Hospital institutions have been encouraged to form organizational structures that will ensure quality supervision and motivation among the workers. Functional and Dysfunctional Control Systems within the Organization As the hospital institution functions as any other business unit, it is important to note that not every tactic applied by other business organization will work. Other organizations mainly deal with products as their basis of transaction, but the hospital deals with patients. We will write a custom essay sample on Medicine As A Business specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Medicine As A Business specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Medicine As A Business specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The entire management criterion is therefore based on satisfying the needs of the patients. The results are usually reflected on the response of the patients to their medication and how much they appreciate their services. Good services will make the patients run to such a hospital when they are in need but the opposite will be experienced if their services are of bad quality (Hoyle, 2007). A hospital needs to employ people who have a desire to help them that are in need, it is not a career that one can simply make mistakes that can be corrected through undoing the mess. Life of a human being is precious considering the number of people that may be relying on them for support. Any simple mistake that may be made by the nurses or doctors in administering treatment to the patient may be very costly. Therefore, they are required to maintain a high level of responsibility knowing that they are dealing with life rather than commodities. The hospital management team should ensure that apart from employing a team that will be dedicated to their work, they need to employ motivational measures that will encourage them to perform their duties with diligence. Top managers should be careful on how they treat their subordinates as they may pass it on the same manner in which they treat their patients. Compared to other business organizations where the employer can act harshly on the employees and care less about their reaction, workers in the hospital may decide to redirect their anger to the patients. The destruction that may be caused due to such behavior may not be irreversible even if the worker is sent away. When the patients and their relatives learn that their condition has stagnated or grown worse due negligence on the part of the employees, they will move out of the hospital with a bad report (Gerber, 2002). Such reports usually spread faster than it can be imagined and slowly, people will start withdrawing their patients. Such incidences should be avoided at all cost as they may negatively impart on the operations of the hospital. A hospital organization needs to have a dynamic human resource department that is skilled in selecting employees who will be willing to work for the good of the organization. The human resource department should also know how to effectively take care of the workers needs so that they are motivated into high productivity. The workers attitude towards their work should be frequently monitored to ensure that whatever they are offering to the patients is not out of force but willingness. Right procedures should always be taken when correcting a worker over the mistakes they may be making and urgent measures taken upon a worker who seems not to comply with the laid down regulations. A good relationship should always be maintained between the top management and the subordinates. This will enhance the system of communication where they will be free to share about issues that will improve their services. A medical organization being composed of staff that is trained in almost similar field may have a lot to share in terms of knowledge. It may not matter the level of training they have gone through, a subordinate may be endowed with skills in a certain area that may be beneficial to the entire organization. If such skills are not utilized by sharing, the organization may miss out on important resources. Every employee should always be given an opportunity to exercise the skills that they acquired. With the new developments in the medical technology, the workers need to be regularly trained and updated. Hospitals should also strive to ensure that their laboratories and theatres are adequately equipped to handle the current medical needs. The equipments should always be updated and upgraded to ensure that they are in good condition. Equipment failure has been one of the challenges that has faced many hospital organizations and hindered its progress. There have been reported cases of either inadequate facilities that has lead to congestion and long waiting hours or equipments that give unreliable results. A hospital that desires to succeed in its operations has to make sure that it adequately handles the number of patients that come. In case the patients happen to be more than the facilities, the management should not hesitate to refer them to other hospitals that it networks with. Most hospitals fear referring their patients to other hospital thinking that their reputation will be ruined; they therefore keep large number of patients than they are able to take care of. This reduces the quality of services they offer which may subsequently reduce the number of their clients. A hospital organization should always be genuine about its facilities and avoid detaining patients unnecessarily when they can not meet their needs. There should also be good organization in the manner in which records concerning the patient are kept. Some patients prefer that their records be kept secret; the management should ensure that such requests are well taken care of. The same way another business organization strives to meet the demands of their customers, the same should be done by the hospital management to their clients. Doctors and nurses should always respect the decisions that the patients may want to make concerning their health. It has usually been assumed that a patient is at the mercies of the doctor who has to implement all the decisions that he feels are right for the patient. Such an attitude usually makes them to administer certain kind of treatment without consulting the patient. If the patient is in a position to reason and make decisions, doctors should never take it for granted that they will appreciate the treatment offered to them. Patient to doctor/nurse relationship should be maintained and communication enabled. Proper communication between the patients and those attending to them will enhance the services that are shared between them. It will make the patients be open about their conditions which will help the doctors in determining whether the medications are working for their good or not (Hoyle, 2007). Communication between hospital managers that may not be interacting with patients during treatment will enable them to understand whether the services being offered to them are appreciated or not. Through such direct interactions with the patients, the managers are able to know the kind of treatment being offered by the staff to the patients. The response of the patients towards the care being offered to them will reflect to the management how effective or ineffective their staff is. Criteria for Developing and Evaluating Control Systems There are several control systems that may be used depending on the kind of services being offered by the organization. It is important for an organization to carefully evaluate the different systems at their disposal so as to implement the best that will work for them. A control system can be evaluated through research that should be carried out to find out the organizations that have used such a similar system. Once such organizations have been identified, the organization will evaluate how such a system worked for that particular organization and subsequently make their decisions. A hospital organization will therefore look at the various organization systems used by other hospitals and evaluate their positive and negative impacts. If the positive outcomes outweigh the negative ones, then the organization can think of implementing such a system. A hospital organization may also develop its own control system and test it for applicability. This may be done through various studies carried out by the hospital staff concerning the needs of their patients. Such a control system is the best as it is aimed at satisfying the needs of their clients rather than meeting other objectives that may be personal (Haux, 2004). Before a particular control system is fully implemented in the organization, it is put to test for some time to see how the clients and the staff will react towards it. It will only be implemented if it shows commendable results. Essentials of Quality Management and the Techniques The progress of a company is determined by the kind of management that is applied to it. Quality management techniques are therefore of great importance if the company wants to experience growth. There are five key areas of an organization that will determine the quality of the management skills applied as explained below. Leadership Process and Accountability A hospital organization needs to have leaders that understand their role in the organization. They need to be dedicated to their work and be able to account to the management the progress of their work. They are supposed to know and understand their responsibilities and the role of every employee that is working under them. Competent and Capable Workforce Employees are the main determinants of how many clients the organization will receive. Clients are always looking for a place where their needs will be well taken care of. A hospital organization should therefore employ a workforce that has a clear understanding of their role towards expanding the organization and perform their duties willingly. They should be endowed with skills that are necessary for their various responsibilities. Safe Environment for Staff and Patients The organization should ensure that the hospital environment is safe for its employees and staff. It should be a place where the employees will feel at ease when working and the patients comfortable as they undergo treatment (Gerber, 2002). Safety will motivate employees to work effectively which will in turn increase their productivity. The patients will also be guaranteed a quick recovery when the environment around them is clean and fresh. Clinical Care of Patients Maximum care should always be ensured when taking care of patients, the medical staff that is responsible for carrying out various tests should label the samples well and avoid any mix up. This will ensure that the patient’s are given treatment according to what they are suffering from (Huber, 2006). Correct measures should also be observed to ensure that correct dosage is given to the patients at the right time. Improving Quality and Safety Quality and safety should not only be maintained but improved. This can always be done on a daily basis where the organization has to identify areas that need to be upgraded. This may be done by getting modern equipments for the laboratories and theaters and high quality materials for wards. Constant improvement of services in the hospital will attract more clients and retain the old ones. The hospital will become a place where patients will desire to come and be served with high quality services. Benchmarking and knowledge management Benchmarking is a technique employed by various business organizations to compare their management system with other organization. This is usually done with the aim of identifying the best technique that will realize results. It enables the organization to carry out its activities with knowledge and information. A hospital organization will compare its progress with other hospitals and identify the areas in which they perform better or otherwise and different aspects that bring about the difference. This enables the organization to strategically improve on its operations for maximum growth. (Hoyle, 2007) Conclusion Hospital business has become an area that can earn an organization a substantial amount of income if the right management skills are applied. It should always be noted that just as consumers in other business organizations need to be pleased and satisfied, the hospital organization should also ensure that the clients who are mostly the patients are taken good care of by the hospital. Clients will maintain their loyalty to the hospital if they are accorded quality services at the right time. The hospital should ensure that it is adequately equipped to handle the number of patients that visit them on a daily basis. Incase the hospital receives more patients than it can handle, it should always feel free to refer them to other hospitals. This will prevent the patients from having to wait for long hours which may in turn worsen their states. It will also maintain the good name of the hospital and thus attracting even more clients. With increasing number of people in need of medical attention, the hospital business will not miss its place in the market. (Gerber, 2002) REFERENCES Gerber P. (2002): Nursing management secrets, New York: Health Sciences, pp51 Haux R. (2004): Strategic information management in hospitals, New York: Springer, pp3 Hoyle D. (2007): Quality management essentials, United Kingdom: Butterworth-Heinemann, pp20 Huber D. (2006): Leadership and nursing care management, New York: Elsevier Health Sciences, pp259

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Islam Means Submission To Allah Religion Essay Essay Example

Islam Means Submission To Allah Religion Essay Essay Example Islam Means Submission To Allah Religion Essay Paper Islam Means Submission To Allah Religion Essay Paper Islam means entry to Allah ( God ) . Islam was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad who lived from 570 CE to 632 CE in Mecca in contemporary Saudi Arabia. Muhammad was called to prophethood when God dictated the Quran to him through the archangel Gabriel. Although he gained a little followers in his folk, Muhammad was ab initio persecuted for his beliefs. In 622 CE he fled to Yathrib, now called Medina, where the first Muslim political community was formed. Enlisting the aid of mobile Arab kins, Muhammad returned to Mecca, depriving the metropolis of all marks of heathen belief. He was generous to those he defeated, nevertheless, and many converted to Islam. Two old ages subsequently, in forepart of the Kaba in Mecca, he declared Islam the faith of the people, stating he had fulfilled his mission and that he left behind him the Book of Allah and a set of clear commandments. History and Spread By the clip of Muhammad s decease, many people of the Arabian Peninsula had begun to follow Islam. A series of calif and dynasties led the Muslim community after Muhammad s decease, making an Islamic imperium that expanded every bit far as contemporary Pakistan in the E, Spain in the North, and North Africa to the South. This was a period of great rational, cultural and religious verve. In Spain, Islamic civilization lasted until 1492 when the Christian sovereign regained power. After the prostration of the Empire, Islam remained the dominant faith in most In-between Eastern states and important pockets throughout North Africa and Asia. In Australia The history of Islam in Australia pre-dates European colony. From 1650, Muslim fisherman from South East Asia communicated and traded with Natives from Australia s North. Some inter-marriage occurred. In the 1860s, some 3000 camel drivers with camels came from Afghanistan and the Indian sub-continent. This group contributed to the geographic expedition of the Australian outback, working on both the railroad line between Port Augusta and Alice Springs, and the Overland Telegraph Line from Adelaide to Darwin, which connected Australia to London via India. Since the late sixtiess at that place have been a figure of important Muslim migrations into Australia, most notably from Turkey and Lebanon. In the 1990s, refugees and migrators from the Horn of Africa, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Albania, Indonesia and Malaysia have all made their place in Australia. Some Islamic societies in Australia are affiliated with AFIC ( The Australian Federation of Islamic Councils ) , which does non command the single societies but gives a public voice and face to Islam, both in province and federal political relations and affairs of community representation. Between 1991 and 1996, the Muslim community grew by 36 per cent ( approx. 53 000 ) . In 1996, there were over 280,000 Moslems in Australia, belonging to over 70 cultural groups ( ABS ) . Cardinal Motions Islam is divided into two chief religious orders, the Sunni and the Shia. This division arose over the order of calif sequence in the first century of the Islamic calendar. Shiites believe that the true authorization and leading of Muslims after Muhammad s son-in-law, Ali, continued through a line of imaums ( spiritual instructors ) . Sunnis uphold the domination of the calif, the line of swayers elected by the people and mandated to guard the prophetic bequest in the disposal of community personal businesss. This gave rise to the development of Sharia jurisprudence. Shiites constitute less than 10 per cent of universe s Muslims, and possess many internal divisions. The largest modern-day Shia group are the Ithnaasharis, or Twelvers. Shiites are a bulk in Iran. Sunni Muslims constitute 90 % of the universe s Muslims and are considered the Orthodox face of Islam. There are assorted mysterious strands of Islam, such as Sufism and the Ibadites of Oman, East Africa and Algeria. These are non, purely talking, sectarian divisions. Organizational Structure Moslems do non necessitate an intermediary between themselves and God. Imams spiritual instructors and leaders of supplication in the mosques do, nevertheless, play a important function. They are frequently officially educated in affairs of faith and law, and systems exist for settling inquiries of jurisprudence and spiritual observation. The al-Azahr, a Islamic university in Cairo, is conventionally regarded as the highest authorization in Sunni Islam. The Shia developed a hierarchy in line with their beliefs in the sequence of regulation ; in Iran, this finds look in the system of ayatollahs ( senior translators and supreme authorities of spiritual jurisprudence ) . Mosques are non denominational and are run on a figure of theoretical accounts depending on the mosque s regulating fundamental law. Some are ethnically-based. Key Beliefs Moslems hold six articles of belief There is merely one God without bound, called Allah. Muhammad received the Quran as a transcript of the ageless Quran which is inscribed in Eden. God created celestial existences called angels to function God and they are opposed by evil liquors. God sent his Prophetss to the Earth at their appointed times, and the Prophet Muhammad was the last and greatest courier of God. There will be a last twenty-four hours of universe history called the Day of Judgement. Good and evil will be weighed in the balance. The wicked will be punished and the merely will bask ageless life in Paradise. Everything in the existence has a preset class. Nothing happens without the will or knowledge of God. The Sunnah is a aggregation of traditions, moral expressions and anecdotes ( Hadiths ) of Muhammad. It embodies all the amplifications of Quranic instruction. The pattern of spiritual religion is besides built on the five pillars of Islam: Shahadah ( declaration of religion ) : I bear witness that there is no God, but God ; I bear witness that Muhammad is the prophesier of God. By declaiming this, one enters Islamic religion. Salaah ( supplication ) : Moslems are required to pray five times a twenty-four hours, rinsing themselves before supplication and facing in the way of Mecca while praying. Zakat ( charity ) : Moslems are required to give away a per centum of their net incomes to those less fortunate, irrespective of their faith. Saum ( fasting ) : Moslems fast for one lunar month each twelvemonth, a period called Ramadan. During this clip, Muslims reflect on their behavior and strive to sublimate their ideas. Hajj ( pilgrims journey ) : If it is financially possible, Muslims are required to go to Mecca one time in their life-time. Ijma means the understanding of Islam. It is an of import mechanism for deciding theological struggles because it is embodies a sense of past community in present action. Sharia is the sacred jurisprudence of Islam, based on the Godhead disclosures contained in the Quran and Sunnah. Dietary demands. Animals have psyches and so necessitate to be slaughtered in a particular manner. This is the significance of halal ( permitted ) . Cardinal Festivals Ramadan: Celebrates the gift of the Quran. During the month of Ramadan, Muslims must fast between dawn and sundown. Eid-al-Fitr: The festival for the first twenty-four hours after Ramadan. Dhu Al-Hijja: The month of pilgrims journey during which all Muslims, at least one time in their life, should seek to do the pilgrims journey to Mecca. Eid-al-adha: The Festival of Sacrifice which occurs 70 yearss after Eid-al-Fitr. It commemorates Abraham s willingness to give his boy for God. Every household who can afford it must butcher an animate being and administer the meat among relations, neighbors and the hapless. The first twenty-four hours of Muharram: The Islamic New Year begins on the twenty-four hours Muhammad left Mecca to go to Medina. The 12th twenty-four hours of Rabi I: Celebrates the birth of the prophesier. Mirajun Nabi: Commemorates the prophesier s journey from Mecca to the celestial spheres.

Sunday, March 1, 2020

Genre Definition and Examples in Literature

Genre Definition and Examples in Literature In literature, every piece of writing falls under a general category, also known as a genre. We experience genres is other parts of our daily lives, such as movies and music, and in each case, the individual genres typically have distinctive styles in terms of how they are composed. At the most basic level, there are essentially three main genres for literature - poetry, prose and drama - and each can be broken down even further, resulting in dozens of subgenres for each.  Some resources will cite only two genres: fiction and non-fiction, though many classics will argue that fiction and non-fiction can, and do, both fall under poetry, drama or prose.  Ã‚   While there is much debate over what constitutes a genre in literature, for the purposes of this article, we will break down the classic three. From there, we will outline some of the subgenres for each, including those that some believe should be classified as main genres. Poetry Poetry is a style of writing that tends to be written in verses, and typically employs a rhythmic and measured approach to composition. It characteristically is known for evoking emotional responses from readers through its melodic tone and use of creative language that is often imaginative and symbolic in nature. The word â€Å"poetry† comes from the Greek word â€Å"poiesis† which essentially means, making, which is translated into the making of poetry. Poetry is typically divided into two main subgenres, narrative and lyric, which each have additional types that fall under their respective umbrellas. For example, narrative poetry includes ballads and epic tales, while lyric poetry includes sonnets, psalms and even folk songs. Poetry can be fiction or nonfiction. Prose Prose is essentially identified as written text that aligns with the flow of conversation in sentence and paragraph form, as opposed to verses and stanzas in poetry. Writing of prose employs common grammatical structure and a natural flow of speech, not a specific tempo or rhythm as is seen in traditional poetry. Prose as a genre can be broken down into a number of subgenres including both fiction and nons of prose can range from news, biographies and essays to novels, short stories, plays and fables. The subject matter, if it is fiction versus nonfiction and length of the work, are not taken into consideration when classifying it as prose, but rather the style of writing that is conversational is what lands works in this genre. Drama Drama is defined as theatrical dialogue that is performed on stage and traditionally is comprised of five acts. It is generally broken down into four subgenres including comedy, melodrama, tragedy and farce. In many cases, dramas will actually overlap with poetry and prose, depending on the writing style of the author. Some dramatic pieces are written in a poetic style, while others employ a more casual writing style seen in prose, to better relate to the audience. Like both poetry and prose, dramas can be fiction or nonfiction, though most are fictional or inspired by real life, but not completely accurate. The Genre and Subgenre Debate Beyond these three basic genres, if you conduct an online search for â€Å"genres of literature,† you will find dozens of conflicting reports that claim any number of main genres that exist. There is often debate over what constitutes genre, but in most cases, there is a misunderstanding of the difference between genre and subject matter. It’s common for subject matter to be considered a genre in not only literature, but also in movies and even games, both of which are often based on or inspired by books. These subjects can include biography, business, fiction, history, mystery, comedy, romance and thrillers. Subjects may also include cooking, self help, diet and fitness, religion and many many more.  Ã‚   Subjects and subgenres, however, can often be intermixed. Though, it can be  a challenge to determine how many subgenres or subjects actually exist, as there are differing opinions on each, and new ones are created regularly. For example, young adult writing has become increasingly popular, and some would classify it as a subgenre of prose. The difference between genre and subject is often blurred by the world around us. Think of a time when you last visited a bookstore or library. Most likely, the books were divided into sections - fiction and non-fiction for sure - and further categorized based on the type of books, such as self-help, historic, science fiction and others. Many people assume that these categorizations of subject matter are genre, and as a result, common language today has adopted a casual use of genre to mean subject.

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Creative Writing Personal Statement Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Creative Writing - Personal Statement Example They pay fees for us to produce results, and it would make no sense if we they do not full results from us. I do believe that I deserve the A grade. First, I have been an active participant in class activities. The professor always received my assignment on time. He always left a positive remark on every assignment that I submitted to him. From this, I do am partially convinced that an â€Å"A† grade is indeed the most appropriate grade for me. Our professor normally set for us exams from what we had learned in class and given as assignment. Remember the proverb, â€Å"where there is smoke, there is always fire† and â€Å"the presence of clouds is a symbol of rain.† How should one know whether a student is speaking the truth or not? (Nosich 28)Whereas others may argue or ask for the evidence concerning my performance, all I can say is that a performing student always stands out from other students. Professors and tutors rarely need evidence to know how a performing or bright student actually look like or behave. Performance always goes hand in hand with character of a person. However, I do not dispute or refuse any suggestions to hand over my assignment books for evaluation or verification of the truth. Some people say, â€Å"valid evidence is the only convincing way or method to truth claims.† I am ready to bring any evidence in support of my claim. In addition to that, I have always been an active participant of our class activities such as writing of successful projects related to CRTW. I believe activeness in any activity outside the class equips an individual with the necessary skills for the practical application of what he or she learnt at class. Using the above method or principle to evaluation, other students and I will undoubtedly provide a leeway for knowing each student personally. I believe it will be the best and most appropriate method for evaluating us. Interpretation of my performance in the past assignments and their analyses will lead